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The Durban Platform: Implications and Scenarios in Latin America (2012)

This report analyzes submissions made by Latin American countries to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (AWG-ADP) and compiles the experiences of the first intercessional meeting of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in May, 2012, in Bonn, Germany. It is intends to provide analysis of the compiled data and the possible scenarios for the 2012 climate negotiations.


Sustainable Development 20 years on from the Earth Summit: Progress, gaps and strategic, guidelines for Latin America and the Caribbean (2012)

This report by ECLAC published in March 2012  prior to the Rio+20 Conference offers an analysis of progress made and difficulties encountered in Latin America and the Caribbean in implementing global commitments on sustainable development since 1992. It goes on to propose guidelines for moving towards sustainable development in the region.


Capturing the Riches of Bolivia: Utilizing Historical and Contemporary Experience in Bolivian Mining to Inform Future Resource Policy (2012)

Centuries of foreign extraction of Bolivian natural resource wealth have occurred at the expense of environmental protection and overall development within Bolivia. Since the Spanish began mining silver in Potosí in the mid 16th Century, foreign mining interests have destroyed forests and depleted water reserves, severely altering the Bolivian environment. All the while, these same foreign mining interests have removed a large portion of the wealth generated by the resources, leaving large areas of Bolivia underdeveloped. Presently, the global need for lithium and the Bolivian government’s need for foreign investment will require the prompt, and sustainable, development of Bolivia’s substantial lithium reserves. This paper examines historical mining perspectives in Bolivia with the goal of understanding how to improve future mining policy. To that end, the paper concludes with policy recommendations for the next stage of seeking foreign investors for development of Bolivian lithium reserves.



Indigenous Knowledge and Climate Change Adaptation in the Peruvian Andes (2012)

Indigenous peoples have extensive knowledge of their local environment and this knowledge can be a valuable tool for climate change adaptation. Unfortunately, indigenous knowledge is rapidly being lost as a result of globalization, out-migration, and the continued marginalization and impoverishment of indigenous peoples. Through the lens of three case studies from the Peruvian Andes, this paper by Emily Kirkland, Brown University, demonstrates the irreplaceable role that indigenous knowledge can play in adaptation to climate change, as well as the crucial contribution outside actors can play in preserving, restoring and disseminating this knowledge.


Shaping the Durban Platform: Latin America and the Caribbean in a future High Ambition Deal (2012)

After the longest session on record, governments at the COP17 in Durban in December 2011 agreed to negotiate by 2015 a climate deal to enter into force in 2020. The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action defied predictions that the meeting in South Africa would lead to a collapse of the UN climate talks. Many parties from Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have worked many years to make possible the political compromise achieved in the final hours and included in the Durban Platform. Today, the challenge is to make this platform ambitious enough to avoid dangerous climate change.

In this new CDKN and Energeia Policy Brief the authors discuss the outcomes of the COP17, the contribution Latin America and the Caribbean made and the implications of the Durban Platform for the region. The Brief finishes by offering a set of recommendations.



Three Hungry Giants: China, the U.S. and the E.U.’s battle over Latin America’s natural resources, and its implications for climate change and resource scarcity (2012)

This presentation was made on April 6, 2012, by Brown University Research Fellow Guy Edwards and Professor Timmons Roberts at a Brown University workshop entitled ‘Beyond Competition? China, Climate Change, Security and the Developing World’. The presentation looks at how China is leading a resources boom in Latin America and whether China’s legacy in the region will be one of protection or devastation.  The presentation concludes that Latin America should be able to benefit considerably from Chinese interest in the region, but only if national leaders think strategically about the imperatives of low carbon, resilient growth models.



Poles Apart – The international reporting of climate change scepticism (2011)

Poles Apart is a wide-ranging comparative study on the prevalence of climate scepticism in the media around the world. It focuses on newspapers in Brazil, China, France, India, the UK, and the USA, but includes an overview of research on the media of other countries. A wealth of new data is drawn from around 3,000 recent articles on climate change from two newspapers in each of the six countries. It concludes that climate scepticism is largely an Anglo-Saxon phenomenon, found most frequently in the US and British newspapers, and explores the reasons why this is so. The study also examines whether climate sceptics are more likely to appear in right leaning than left-leaning newspapers, and in which parts of a newspaper their voices are most heard.



Dangerous Climate Change in Brazil: A Brazil-UK Analysis of Climate Change and Deforestation Impacts in the Amazon (2011)

This collaborative project between the Centro de Ciência do Sistema Terrestre (CCST) of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Brazil, and the Met Office Hadley Centre, UK, published in April 2011 offers an assessment of the impacts of climate change on Brazil and the effects of deforestation on the Brazilian climate and the Amazon. The study suggests that deforestation could cause temperatures to warm over Amazonia, while the reducing effect on rainfall could lead to drier conditions than those experienced previously. The project makes three crucial contributions in support of Brazilian involvement in the international climate negotiations and in support of INPE´s research endeavors: building capacity within Brazil for policy-relevant climate change assessments; generation of specific policy-relevant information relating to issues of adapting to climate change and assessing risks of dangerous climate change across Brazil; and improving the scientific collaboration on assessing the impacts of climate change in key sectors of society and economy.


Civil-Military Collaboration to Address Adaptation to Climate Change in South America (2011)

This paper, published by the Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL) at the U.S. Army War College (USAWC), was written by the Director of National Security Issues Group, Operations and Gaming Division at CSL/USAWC, Dr. Ken Butts, in collaboration with Marcela Ramirez, an Environmental Security Consultant for Latin America and the Caribbean for CSL/USAWC.  It calls for military support to civilian authority in matters of climate change adaptation “roles and missions,” highlighting the need for regional militaries to help their countries deal with climate change effects that threaten their security. It details climate change events held in Colombia and Peru calling for increased military capacity at a national and international level to address climate change issues.


‘Will cattle ranching continue to drive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon?’ (Paulo Barreto, 2011)

This is a presentation made by Paulo Barreto, Senior Researcher at IMAZON, at the April 8th Brown University Conference on “Latin America and Climate Change: Regional Perspectives on a Global Problem”.


‘Slow Boil: Colombia’s response to the chronic emergency of climate vulnerability’ (Antonio Hill, 2011)

This is a presentation made by Antonio Hill, Regional Advocacy and Campaigns Adviser for Latin America and the Caribbean for Oxfam, at the April 8th Brown University Conference on “Latin America and Climate Change: Regional Perspectives on a Global Problem”.


‘The Squeezed Middle: Why Latin America Matters in Climate Politics’ (Monica Araya, 2011)

This is a presentation made by Dr. Monica Araya, E3G Senior Associate and adviser to the Ministry of Environment of Costa Rica on climate finance, at the April 8th Brown University Conference on “Latin America and Climate Change: Regional Perspectives on a Global Problem”.


Scoping Study of Climate Change Activities across Latin America and the Caribbean to inform the CDKN Regional Strategy (2010)

This study prepared by Guy Edwards attempts to identify the priority needs of Latin American and Caribbean policy-makers with respect to climate change and development planning and highlights key organizations, actors and programs that are operating in the climate change and development arena in the region.



Regional implications of the Advisory Group on Climate Finance recommendations: Latin America and Caribbean region (2010)

This report was written by Vivid Economics and funded by the CDKN. It was requested by AGF members to help developing country decision-makers to respond to their recommendations. The Office of the President of the Republic of Guyana played a particular role in supporting this report and provided a valuable regional review.


Economics of Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean Summary 2010

This document, published by the ECLAC and carried out in collaboration with regional governments, the EU, IDB and various other political, academic, and research institutions, summarizes the aggregate economic impact of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean. On the basis of national and regional studies, the report offers important economic considerations concerning climate change, including an estimated 1% loss of annual GDP in the region’s countries between 2010 and 2100 unless a consensus on mitigation actions is reached.


IDB Development Effectiveness Overview 2010

This annual report summarizes the actions taken by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to measure and improve the social, economic, and environmental impact of the IDB’s work throughout the region. Chapter Five is entitled “Protecting the Environment, Responding to Climate Change, Promoting Renewable Energy, and Ensuring Food Security.” The report focuses on enhancing agricultural productivity, promoting tourism for development and environmental sustainability, and modeling and planning adaptation options in response to the threats of climate change in Latin America.


Climate Change: A Research Agenda for Latin America and the Caribbean (Inter-American Development Bank, 2010)

This research agenda outlines the issues requiring further research in order to create an informed assessment of what strategies and policies that Latin American countries should pursue with respect to climate change. The report identifies potentially valuable actions that have not yet been highlighted, advises against actions that could be ineffective and costly, and recommends further evaluation of which elements require analysis before action can be taken. The agenda focuses on adaptation, agriculture, forestry, sustainable cities, trade and economics, labor issues and climate change & economic growth.


Latin America finds a voice on climate change: With what impact? (2010)

This article featured in the North American Congress on Latin America written by Jim Shultz and published in 2010 describes the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth held in Cochabamba, Bolivia, in April 2010. The conference called on wealthy nations to acknowledge and pay a “climate debt” to the countries on the blunt end of climate change as well as for an international tribunal empowered to consider the responsibility of countries and corporations that have contributed to the climate crisis and to enforce penalties and action against them. The author questions how the demands produced by the Conference might be integrated into global decision making on climate and how civil society advocating for greater action can move beyond producing statements and achieve real change.


Low Carbon, High Growth: Latin American Responses to Climate Change (2009)

The World Bank’s flagship report on Latin America and the Caribbean explores how the region is exposed to climate change impacts and what it can do to avert its effects, both unilaterally and internationally in the event that countries can reach a global agreement at the UN.


Climate Change in Latin America (2009)

The European Commission funded a study which would ascertain the problems related to climate change within Latin America. The study aims to identify the extent of climate change effects, the question of vulnerability and the ecological footprint of the region, taking into consideration the institutional framework of this multidisciplinary challenge both on regional and national levels.


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