FARN_PB_FOTO Increasingly , cities are adopting policies and programs to address climate change. However, the progress and the effective implementation of these policies change  considerably between cities (or even between different public policies within the same city). There is a substantial gap between the discourse highlights the importance of local action on climate change and political reality. The purpose of this report wrote by FARN is precisely address this issue by analyzing the factors and conditions that affect the implementation of local climate policies in developing countries . This report is based on an extensive review of the literature on climate change and urban policies , as well as preliminary results of our comparative research project on climate policies in Buenos Aires , Mexico City and São Paulo , Brazil . This report is available in English. We are currently being translated into Spanish. This Policy Brief was originally published in CDKN website. For download the Policy Brief “Shaping Climate Loal Policies: A Review of Experiences", click on the box below.

Download

The impacts of climate change in Latin America are increasingly alarming and greatly affect the agricultural, livestock and forestry sectors. This leads to a situation of economic, social, environmental and political vulnerability in the region; while putting at risk human and food security and the basic conditions necessary to reduce poverty.
More than 40 high level officials and experts from various Latin American countries met in Lima this month to debate the importance of public policies on climate change in the region, with a particular focus on the agricultural and forestry sectors, using as its basis a report prepared by the Latin American Platform on Climate.
Coordination is weak between public policies on climate change and development planning in Latin America, said Manuel Rodríguez-Becerra, ex Minister of Environment of Colombia, during the Latin American Platform on Climate (LAPC) side event at the Río+20 Conference.
The Latin American Platform on Climate (LAPC) is preparing a Regional Report on the Status and Quality of Public Policies on Climate Change and Development in Latin America, which will be updated every two years for 10 countries in the region. The preliminary report will be presented at the Rio+20 Conference on Friday 22 June 2012 from 13:00 -14:30 in T-6 (RioCentro).
By Ana Karine Pereira* Electricity currently plays a very important role in Brazil’s energy matrix, equivalent, in 2010, to 17.2% of the country’s total energy supply (PDE 2019). The principal sources of electricity are hydroelectric dams, which were responsible, in 2005, for 83.4% of all electricity generated (Souza, 2008). The large role of electricity, particularly hydroelectricity, in the country’s energy matrix is explained by government planning, which in the last few decades, has emphasized this energy source. Despite the fact that the government has expanded the number of hydroelectric dams in the past few decades, Brazil still uses only 30% of its hydroelectric potential, which means that this source of energy will continue to be a priority in plans to expand national energy supplies. The problem is that most of this unused potential is located in the Amazon, which has turned the region into the country’s new energy frontier.